Sensitive Teeth Guide

sensitive teeth guideIf you wince in pain as you brush, floss, eat ice cream or drink a cup of coffee (or any other hot or cold substance), you may be suffering from teeth sensitivity. Read on and learn everything you need to know about sensitive teeth, from what causes it to the treatment options available at ThoroughDent Smiles.

What Causes Teeth Sensitivity?

The best dentist in Georgetown KY explains that normal teeth don’t exhibit signs of sensitivity because they have an inbuilt mechanism to prevent this anomaly.

For example, the visible part of your teeth above the gum line has a hard outer layer called the enamel. This coating prevents heat and cold from reaching the nerves and other living tissues inside your tooth. Therefore, you are unlikely to experience any tooth sensitivity as you eat or drink.

The portion of your tooth beneath the gum line, called the root of your tooth, is also protected from hot and cold in two ways. First, the gum covers this section of the teeth from direct contact with hot or cold substances. Secondly, Dr. Jordan Smith explains that the dentin in the root of your tooth has a protective shell called cementum. This cementum shields the root and the sensitive structures within it from hot and cold sensations. However, cementum isn’t as hard as enamel is, so it can be eroded quickly once gum recession occurs. It can also erode when gum disease is left untreated.

Dr. Kacos, a dentist in Shreveport LA, adds that if enamel or cementum erodes, the tubules inside the root are exposed and hot or cold substances will reach the nerves inside the roots of your teeth. The result is tooth sensitivity, characterized by pain as you eat or drink hot or cold substances.

The following are some of the factors that bring on teeth sensitivity;

  • Worn fillings
  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Fractured teeth
  • Exposed tooth roots
  • Worn tooth enamel

Treatment Options for Sensitive Teeth

Many treatment options for teeth sensitivity are available at ThroughDent Smiles in Georgetown KY. The specific option selected will depend on the underlying reason behind your teeth sensitivity. Here are some of the possible treatment options;

  • Desensitizing Toothpaste. This type of toothpaste has active ingredients that block sensations from traveling from the surface of your tooth to the nerves within. The Georgetown KY dentist explains that you will need to use this toothpaste several times before you can notice a reduction in your symptoms.
  • Crowns, inlays or dental bonding. These options are considered in case your teeth sensitivity is traced to a defect or decay that compromises the surface of your teeth, resulting in sensitivity. The inlay, crown or bond forms a barrier that shields the inner tissues of your teeth from hot or cold substances/sensations.
  • Fluoride gel. Fluoride treatments, administered as a gel or any other form at ThoroughDent Smiles, can also help combat teeth sensitivity. The fluoride works by making your enamel stronger, thereby reducing the transmission of the sensations responsible for tooth sensitivity.
  • Gum grafting. If your teeth sensitivity is the result of severe gum recession that has caused the roots of your teeth to be exposed, then the professionals at ThoroughDent Smiles may recommend that you undergo a surgical procedure in which gum tissue is taken from elsewhere, such as from your palate, and is attached to your exposed roots. This new gum tissue will fix the problem since the tubules in your dentin will no longer be exposed to hot or cold foods and drinks.
  • Root canal therapy. If you suffer from persistent and severe tooth sensitivity and the options discussed earlier aren’t viable in your case, our dentists could perform a root canal to put the sensitivity to an end.

Poor oral hygiene can be the reason for a lot of teeth sensitivity. It is therefore crucial for you to brush twice a day using a soft bristled toothbrush and a fluoridated toothpaste. Flossing once a day can also help prevent plaque and tartar accumulations that can result in receded gums, damaged teeth and teeth sensitivity. If teeth sensitivity is bothering you, contact ThoroughDent Smiles. Our experienced dental care professionals will recommend the best treatment to put an end to the problem.