How to remove plaque

how to remove plaque - ThoroughDent Smiles

Plaque is one of those oral problems that just happens. It is nearly impossible to ensure you get every bit of particle stuck between your teeth or on its surface completely out. You can brush, floss, and take other measures for good oral health but plaque finds a way. 

This is one of the many reasons why regular dental checkup is important. During your annual checkup, the ThoroughDent Smiles team can help you get rid of plaque and even tartar, which results due to a buildup of plaque that is not properly cleaned. 

What are plaque and tartar?

Both plaque and tartar are generally used as interchangeable terms. However, tartar is a more serious form of plaque.


Plaque forms when there is a group of bacteria that are bunched up together forming a biofilm of bacteria. While that sounds gross, it is fairly common for people to get plaque. Every time you eat or drink, the debris and leftover particle in the mouth presents a chance for plaque formation. 

Brushing your teeth even can leave an opening for plaque formation. When you brush, glycoproteins starts to form in the saliva. While glycoprotein is there to help protect the teeth, it also allows bacteria to stick to the surrounding membrane which can result in plaque. With the help of oxygen, the bacteria that is present can form microcolonies and attracts other bacteria present in the mouth. All leading to plaque. Plaque is fairly easy to identify as it starts to discolor the teeth. The discoloration can be orange, yellow, or black. No matter what color, it is not good for your oral health and should be cleaned immediately. 


Tartar is formed when plaque hardens on the teeth. Plaque hardens over time as it comes in contact with saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Tartar usually occurs on teeth that are constantly in contact with saliva such as the molars and incisors. You can even find it on the gum line, resulting in swelling and gingivitis. Tartar looks just like plaque but is a hardened form of it so cannot be removed without professional cleaning. 

Why you removal of plaque and tarot is important

Both plaque and tartar are not a pleasant sight. We asked our friend, Dr. Fardi Farhat, a dentist in Sterling Heights, MI, about removing plaque. Dr. Farhat says the need for plaque and tartar removal is important as they can result in cavities. If they go untreated for a longer period of time then individuals usually develop an infection which can result in tooth loss. 

The buildup of plaque and tartar are the result of poor oral hygiene. Individuals that don’t brush, floss, or visit the dentist on a regular basis are more likely to develop plaque. 

Removing plaque at home

While tartar may be really difficult to clean at home, you can clean plaque. Below are some natural ways to do so:

  • Brushing your teeth regularly is important. How you brush is equally important, you need to brush for at least 2 minutes with a calm and steady circular motion. Brushing twice a day is a minimum but you can also brush 30 minutes after every meal. 
  • Fluoride toothpaste should be used to brush as it is made to protect enamel and reduce the chances of decay.
  • You can even find a toothpaste that is made specifically to fight tartar and plaque so you can try using those. 
  • If you see plaque forming, you can use baking soda as toothpaste. It has properties that will get rid of both plaque and tartar. 
  • Orange peel can be rubbed against the teeth to kill microorganisms that aid in plaque and tartar formation.
  • Eating green vegetables, raw can also clean teeth.
  • Using mouthwash helps clean areas that are hard to reach with a brush.
  • A dental scraper can be used to scrape off any plaque formed on the teeth.

Professional dental cleaning: Removing Plaque

While the home remedies listed above can be effective, they are likely more effective when it comes to preventing plaque and tartar. The dentist in Georgetown, KY can help completely remove plaque and tartar with the help of professional cleaning. From using special equipment such as scrapers, brushes, and mirrors to ensuring every part of your mouth is plaque and tartar free. The dental specialists at ThoroughDent Smiles have years of experience with professional dental cleaning and giving patients the smile they always wanted.